Pictures to demonstrate the effect of flash modifiers and white balance. (68 pictures)

This album shows the effect of various flash modifiers that I had lying around the house. As self portraits, these are not high art, but are intended to explore the various ways shadows are rendered. I normally wear glasses, but did not wear them for these pictures. I have included a histogram of each picture that shows the color fallout.

I used my Olympus C-2100UZ camera, my Promaster 5750DX flash, and I used an offwhite background paper on a Savage Economy background stand. I shot the pictures in my living room, with some light coming in from the right hand window, and ceiling lights on the left side of the room, but with a flash sync speed of 1/250 second most of the light should come from the flash setup. I placed myself about a foot from the paper in order to show how harsh or soft the shadows are. The camera was about 5 feet from my chair, slightly above my head, and it was pointed down. I used the RM-1 remote control to take the pictures.

I took a second set of pictures where I was standing up with the fish shirt instead of the dragon shirt. I repeated the white umbrella test, and also did a silver umbrella, and Sto-fen Omni-bounce which I had just bought.

I have pictures for each aperture (f/stop) until the picture is obviously underexposed. This gives an example of how much power is consumed by the modifier (the more f/stops that are supported, the more power is available). Since the flash used in this case was controlled by the camera, it could shut off the flash when the camera believed it had enough light.

In terms of results, the ceiling bounce and white umbrella gave the softest results, which is expected since the effective light source is much larger. The silver umbrella gives slightly stronger shadow (ie, more specular). I was surprised that the mini-softbox still produced fairly harsh shadows. The umbrella was the easiest on my eyes, with the ceiling bounce coming in second.

I also added some pictures that show the effect of using the various white balance settings, and some pictures with conversion into grayscale and sepia.

The copyright owner on these pictures is Michael Meissner. Please direct any comments about this web page to mrmweb@the-meissners.org.

Michael Meissner's home page is at http://www.the-meissners.org, his Renaissance Faire/SF convention links are at http://www.the-meissners.org/ren.html, his digital camera links are at http://www.the-meissners.org/camera.html, his calendar links are at http://www.the-meissners.org/calendar.html, and the head of these photo albums is at http://www.the-meissners.org/photo.html.

The thumbnail pictures displayed here are have been reduced to at most 200x150 or 200x150 pixels depending on the picture orientation.

Clicking on the small file link will show you the picture that has been reduced to at most 836x600 or 819x600 pixels depending on the picture orientation. If you click on the thumbnail you will get the small picture.

Fullsize pictures are not stored in this web site due to file size limiations. Please contact Michael Meissner if you desire a full size picture, particularly for printing.

This page lists pictures with thumbnails classified by grouping like subjects together. If you want to view the pictures arraigned from newest to oldest, click here. If you want to view the pictures without thumbnails, click here.

Picture sublinks

Pictures using the onbaord flash (4 pictures)

Picture #1: Builtin flash, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Builtin flash, f/2.8 histogram

600x819, 63,377 bytes (61.9K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, flash, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:23:20
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 09:29
Picture #2: Builtin flash, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Builtin flash, f/3.2 histogram

600x819, 73,870 bytes (72.1K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, flash, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:23:52
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 09:30
Picture #3: Builtin flash, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Builtin flash, f/3.5 histogram

600x819, 76,650 bytes (74.9K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, flash, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:24:12
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 09:31
Picture #4: Builtin flash, f/4
Picture: Histogram:
Builtin flash, f/4 histogram

600x819, 73,556 bytes (71.8K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, flash, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:24:30
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 09:31

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode fired straight ahead (10 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/2.8 histogram

600x836, 61,532 bytes (60.1K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:35:14
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 09:33
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/3.2 histogram

600x836, 61,081 bytes (59.6K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:35:32
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:22
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/3.5 histogram

600x836, 62,063 bytes (60.6K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:35:52
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:23
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/4
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/4 histogram

600x836, 60,970 bytes (59.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:36:11
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:24
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/4.5 histogram

600x836, 61,258 bytes (59.8K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:36:30
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:24
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #6: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/5 histogram

600x836, 62,176 bytes (60.7K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/5.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:36:50
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:24
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #7: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/5.6
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/5.6 histogram

600x836, 60,674 bytes (59.3K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/5.6, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:37:09
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:25
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #8: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/6.3
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/6.3 histogram

600x836, 56,693 bytes (55.4K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/6.3, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:37:28
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:25
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #9: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/7
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/7 histogram

600x836, 57,544 bytes (56.2K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/7.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:37:48
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:25
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #10: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode straight on, f/8 histogram

600x836, 58,262 bytes (56.9K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/8.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:38:08
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:25
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode bounced off of the ceiling (5 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/2.8 histogram

600x836, 64,480 bytes (63.0K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:39:50
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:27
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/3.2 histogram

600x836, 63,033 bytes (61.6K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:40:11
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:28
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/3.5 histogram

600x836, 62,976 bytes (61.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:40:29
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:28
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/4
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/4 histogram

600x836, 63,557 bytes (62.1K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:40:49
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:29
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, f/4.5 histogram

600x836, 63,528 bytes (62.0K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:41:09
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:29
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode bounced off of the ceailing + secondary fill (6 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/2.8 histogram

600x836, 62,134 bytes (60.7K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:44:09
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:31
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/3.2 histogram

600x836, 60,627 bytes (59.2K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:44:28
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:32
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/3.5 histogram

600x836, 61,900 bytes (60.4K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:44:50
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:32
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/4
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/4 histogram

600x836, 61,119 bytes (59.7K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:45:11
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:32
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/4.5 histogram

600x836, 63,937 bytes (62.4K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:45:30
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:33
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #6: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, ceiling bounce, 45 degrees, 2nd fill light, f/5 histogram

600x836, 58,611 bytes (57.2K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/5.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:45:50
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:33
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode with a Lumiquest mini-softbox (7 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/2.8 histogram

600x836, 59,820 bytes (58.4K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:50:11
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:35
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/3.2 histogram

600x836, 61,698 bytes (60.3K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:50:30
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:35
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/3.5 histogram

600x836, 63,414 bytes (61.9K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:50:51
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:35
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/4
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/4 histogram

600x836, 62,280 bytes (60.8K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:51:10
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:36
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/4.5 histogram

600x836, 61,610 bytes (60.2K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:51:30
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:36
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #6: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/5 histogram

600x836, 58,880 bytes (57.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/5.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:51:52
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:37
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #7: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/5.6
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode, Lumiquest mini-soft box, f/5.6 histogram

600x836, 56,822 bytes (55.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/5.6, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:52:12
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:37
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode with a Lumiquest midi-bouncer (5 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/2.8 histogram

600x836, 63,438 bytes (62.0K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:55:34
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:39
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/3.2 histogram

600x836, 62,827 bytes (61.4K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:56:04
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:39
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/3.5 histogram

600x836, 62,585 bytes (61.1K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:56:27
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:40
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/4
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/4 histogram

600x836, 64,368 bytes (62.9K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:56:49
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:40
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode using a Lumiquest midi-bouncer, f/4.5 histogram

600x836, 61,207 bytes (59.8K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 12:57:11
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:41
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode with a 45 inch white umbrella (5 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 60,960 bytes (59.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:02:30
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:42
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 62,941 bytes (61.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:02:49
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:43
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 60,883 bytes (59.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:03:09
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:43
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/4
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 62,114 bytes (60.7K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:03:28
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:44
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 61,465 bytes (60.0K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:03:48
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:44
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode with a 45 inch white umbrella (5 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 58,650 bytes (57.3K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:37:52
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:08
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 60,708 bytes (59.3K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:38:07
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:08
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 57,515 bytes (56.2K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:38:24
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:11
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/4.0
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 56,958 bytes (55.6K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:38:44
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:11
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 56,498 bytes (55.2K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:39:03
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:12
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode with a 33 inch silver umbrella (5 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33" silver umbrella, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33 histogram

600x836, 59,953 bytes (58.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:44:58
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:17
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33" silver umbrella, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33 histogram

600x836, 57,884 bytes (56.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:45:31
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:18
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33" silver umbrella, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33 histogram

600x836, 60,699 bytes (59.3K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:45:50
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:18
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33" silver umbrella, f/4.0
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33 histogram

600x836, 63,962 bytes (62.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:46:13
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:18
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33" silver umbrella, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 33 histogram

600x836, 54,574 bytes (53.3K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:46:38
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:19
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using the Promaster 5750DX flash in TTL mode with a Sto-fen Omni-bounce (7 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/2.8
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/2.8 histogram

600x836, 60,677 bytes (59.3K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:56:01
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:25
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/3.2
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/3.2 histogram

600x836, 58,438 bytes (57.1K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.2, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:56:35
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:25
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/3.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/3.5 histogram

600x836, 60,576 bytes (59.2K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/3.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:56:56
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:25
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/4.0
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/4.0 histogram

600x836, 62,318 bytes (60.9K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:57:19
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:26
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/4.5
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/4.5 histogram

600x836, 60,811 bytes (59.4K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/4.5, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:57:40
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:26
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #6: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/5.0
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/5.0 histogram

600x836, 56,915 bytes (55.6K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/5.0, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:58:00
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:26
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #7: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/5.6
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, Sto-fen Omni Bounce, f/5.6 histogram

600x836, 53,379 bytes (52.1K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/5.6, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, manual mode, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on March 16, 2004 08:58:22
Last modified on March 16, 2004 at 21:26
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures using different white balance settings (5 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, cloudy white balance
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 74,110 bytes (72.4K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:12:40
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:45
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, auto white balance
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 73,563 bytes (71.8K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:13:02
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:46
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, sunny white balance
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 58,335 bytes (57.0K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, sunny, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:13:24
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:47
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, incandescent white balance
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 58,295 bytes (56.9K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:13:48
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:48
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #5: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, fluorescent white balance
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 73,839 bytes (72.1K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, fluorescent, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:14:11
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:50
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Pictures converted to black & white or sepia (4 pictures)

Picture #1: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, in-camera grayscale
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 53,114 bytes (51.9K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:14:53
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:51
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #2: Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45" white umbrella, in-camera sepia mode
Picture: Histogram:
Promaster 5750DX in TTL mode next to camera, 45 histogram

600x836, 57,806 bytes (56.5K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken by Michael Meissner on February 09, 2004 13:15:19
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 10:51
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #3: Conversion of picture to grayscale using ImageMagick
Picture: Histogram:
Conversion of picture to grayscale using ImageMagick histogram

600x836, 65,522 bytes (64.0K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken on February 09, 2004 13:12:40
Last modified on February 10, 2004 at 17:51
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash
Picture #4: Conversion to grayscale via GIMP (desaturate)
Picture: Histogram:
Conversion to grayscale via GIMP (desaturate) histogram

600x836, 68,183 bytes (66.6K), (html file)
Copyright, Michael Meissner 2004, All rights reserved
Olympus C-2100UZ camera
f/2.8, ISO 100, 1/250 sec, 13.4mm, shutter priority, SHQ, cloudy, matrix metering
35mm equivalent focal length 73.0mm
Taken on February 09, 2004 13:12:40
Last modified on December 05, 2004 at 22:43
Shutter speed of 1/125 or 1/250 may indicate use of flash

Picture sublinks


Michael Meissner, mrmweb@the-meissners.org